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Geophysics seminar: Peter Shearer (UCSD) "Imaging Upper-Mantle Structure under USArray using Long-Period Reflection Seismology"

10/22/2019 - 12:00pm
Revelle Conference Room (IGPP 4301)
Event Description: 

Talk abstract:

The USArray seismic data have led to greatly improved images of upper-mantle structure under the contiguous United States, both from tomography to invert for volumetric heterogeneity and receiver-function studies to probe mantle discontinuities.  Here I introduce an alternative approach to imaging mantle discontinuities that exploits long-period S-wave reflections seen in teleseisms.    Analysis of USArray transverse-component data from 3250 earthquakes shows clear reflections off the 410- and 660-km discontinuities, which can be used to map the depth and brightness of these features.  We also observe intriguing reflectors at shallower depths in many regions, including a negative polarity reflection that may delineate the top of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) in some areas.  We observe a dipping reflector in the west that aligns with the top of the high-velocity Farallon slab anomaly seen in some tomography models, but which also may be an artifact caused by near-surface scattering of incoming S waves.  

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Peter Shearer
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